Holiday Bible School…. Day Three.. Right Attitude To life

We must always have the right attitude to life.

We mus always be positive minded. 

In life when we see things. We must try to bring out the positive side of thing 
Whether we see things as 6 or 9 does not really matter because for the fact that we are right does not necessary mean that the other person is wrong. 
The cup can either be half full or half empty. 
When there is arguments, ignorance is vividly displayed. And this may lead to hatred. 
But when there is knowledge, ideas flow and there is love, joy, progress and kindness 

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*Teacher:* ''Construct a sentence using the word "sugar''
*Pupil:* ''I drank tea this morning.''
*Teacher:* ''Where is the word sugar.''
*Pupil:* ''It is already in the tea..!!''
*TEACHER*: Our topic for today is Photosynthesis. 
*TEACHER* : What is photosynthesis class?
*Student*: Photosynthesis is our topic today.
*Not Easy to be a Teacher !!!!!*
*TEACHER* : John is climbing a tree to pick some
mangoes. ( Begin the sentence with Mangoes)
*Student* : Mangoes, John is coming to pick you…
*TEACHER* : What do you call mosquitoes in your language?
*Student*: We don't call them, they come on their own…
*TEACHER* : Name the nation people hate most
*Student*: Exami-nation…
*TEACHER* : How can we keep our school clean?
*Student*: By staying at home…
*TEACHER* : One day our country will be corruption free. What tense is that??
*Student*: Future impossible tense…
Don't stop the fun. Pass it on. Thank you.

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Farm Tools That Are Commonly Used in Nigeria

Farm tools are instruments we use in the farm to aid us in farm work, thereby making it easy. Such
equipments include cutlass, wheel barrow hoe,
shovel and axe.
The pick axe is made up of a long wooden handle with a double headed thick metal blade that is attached to the handle through a loop.
The head of the pick axe is made up of two edges, one part of the end of the blade is pointed, while the other end is flat and sharp edged. They are mainly used for breaking up of hard soil, and digging up of roots and tree stumps.
When it is viewed, the hand fork, looks like the
kitchen fork we eat with, just that it is a little bit
bigger, it has a short wooden or metal handle with four prongs. It is used in mixing manure into the soil, for breaking the surface of the soil, so that air and water, can pass easily and it is also used for the removal of weeds on the seed bed.
It is boat shaped or it is either curved sloop metal
blade that is attached to a short wooden or metal
handle. When using it, you hold it with one hand. It helps in the transplanting of seedlings, for the application of fertilizer and also for the application of manure to the soil, it helps in loosening vegetable beds, it can also be used for light weeding, sampling or mixing up of soil and digging holes for the planting of seeds.
The sickle has a curved metal blade that is fitted into a short wooden handle. The inner part of the curved metal blade is very sharp while the other part, has a blunt edge. To recognise a sickle when being viewed, it has a structure like that of a question mark (?). It used in the plucking of fruits. This can only be possible, when it is tied to a long handle, it can also be used to harvest cereals like rice, wheat barley because they possess thin stems. It can also be used in the harvest of grasses.
It is made up of a thick heavy metal head that is fitted into a straight wooden or metal handle. At the end of the thick heavy metal there is a prong which is used for the removal of nails. The hammer can be used for driving nails into wooden structures whether in the farm or at home, it can also be used to straighten damaged or bent components of either farm implements or our home furnitures. It can also be used in the removal of nails from wood.
It is made up of a large head with a wooden handle that is similar to that of a hammer. The entire body is made up of wood. It is solely used for the hitting of woods like pegs, so that they would not be damaged in the process, when they are been hit into the ground.
The secateurs are made up of two metal blades of which one has a concave curve while the other has a convex curve that are joined together at a point. It has two short metal handles with a spring in between them when handling it; you handle with one hand, while the plant branch to be cut is held with the other free hand.
To recognise the secateurs it looks like a pair of
scissors. It is used for trimming flowers and the
pruning of the branches of shrubs and trees.
It is seen as a pair of an enlarged pair of scissors
with two long blades, connected at a appoint by a
bolt and a nut of which the blades are sharpened at one edge not the two sides in other not to injure some one. The handle of the shears may be made of wood, metal, plastic or rubber. It is usually handled with both hands. Shears are used to prune down trees or branches of shrubs, trimming of hedges and trimming of Ornamental plants used in house decoration.
It is made up of galvanized iron which prevents it from rusting. Some are also made of very synthetic rubber. The water watering can is made up of a tank, a handle and a spout. This spout is long with a perforated metal sheet over its mouth which is referred to as the ROSE, but in case of the rubber made watering can the mouth is covered by a rubber. It is used to apply water to crops like seedlings in a nursery and vegetables. Some times it is used in applying liquid fertilizers to crops as well as the watering of cement blocks used for the constructions
of structures and buildings.
The cutlass is one of the commonest used farm tools in Nigeria. They come in various shapes and sizes. It is a flat long metal blade with a short wooden or plastic handle with one edge sharp while the other is blunt.
They perform many functions. It is used for the
clearing of bushes around your homes, for the felling of big trees. It is used in harvesting crops like sugar cane, maize, cassava, yam and palm nut fruits. It is also used in the planting of melon during the planting season, cutlass can also be used for the transplanting of seedlings, weeding of crops, both in the digging of shallow holes and used in the trimming and pruning of flowers.
Hoe comes in different types, which are used in
Nigeria today. There is the West African hoe and the Indian hoe. They both have metal blades with a wooden or metal handle.
Hoes are used in tilling the soil, harvesting of crops like cassava, sweet potato and cocoyam, weeding between the rows of crops, digging of drains, making trenches and foundation of farm houses, and the making of ridges and mounds.
The hoes all over the world perform the same
function but we are going to differentiate them the West African hoe is made of short curve handle while the Indian hoe has a long handle.
The West African hoe has a round metal blade while the Indian hoe has a rectangular metal blade. The blade (metal) is attached to the handle with a prong while that of the Indian hoe is attached to the handle with a hoop.
The spade is made up of a long rectangular flat blade which is attached to a fairly long cylindrical handle that widens at the posterior end to form a triangular block with a D-shaped whole for hand when used. Spade is used for different proposes. It can be used for digging of holes and trenches around us, for leveling the ground, for making seedbeds, ridges, mounds and heaps, transplanting of seedlings like palm oil seedlings, turning the soil and the mixing of
manures, light weeding in the farm and at home,
mixing of cement and concrete for farm and home structures and the digging of foundations when constructing farm and home buildings.

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Business Studies Scheme For JSS


1. Revision.
2. Introduction to Business Studies
(i) Meaning and scope of business studies.
(ii) Elements of integrated business studies e.g. Accounts, Commerce, Office Practice, Shorthand, Typewriting.
3. The Office
(i) The meaning of an office
(ii) Types of office
– Small office
– Large office
(iii) Functions of an office.
4. The departments in an office/organization and heir functions
– Various departments in an organization.
– Purchasing department.
– Account department
– Sales department
– Personnel department
– Research and planning department
– Transport department.
5. Introduction to office equipment. Their functions and uses.
                                  Types of office equipment, e.g.
– Cabinets, typewriter
– Telephone
– Stapler
– Duplicating machine
6. Clerical staff
– The definition
– Personal Qualities.
– Job Qualities.
7. Occupation
– Meaning
– Classification of occupation e.g. Extractive, Constructive and Manufacturing Industry.
8. Trade
– Meaning
– Types of trade
9. Aids to trade and their functions
– Banking
– Insurance
– Communication
– Advertising
10. Direct and indirect services
11. Revision
12. Examination
13. Examination
1. Revision of Last Term’s Work.
2. Production
– Meaning of production
– Factors of production e.g. 
(i) Land
(ii) Labour
(iii) Capital
(iv) Entrepreneur
3. Relationship between Producer and Consumer, and Channels
                                   of Distribution.
– Channels of distribution e.g.
(i) Manufacturer or producer
(ii) Wholesaler
(iii) Retailer
(iv) Consumer.
4. Mail Handling
– Definition of mail
– Incoming and outgoing mail.
– Mail procedures and
– Dispatch book.
5. Mailroom Equipment
– Definition and types of mail room equipment
– Mail opening machine
– Shredding machine
– Scale
– Mail bag etc.
6. Sole Trade
                                   Meanings and features
– Sources of fund
– Advantages
– Disadvantages
7. Partnership
– Meaning
– Features
– Sources of capital fund
– Advantages
– Disadvantages
8. Public Corporation
– Meaning of public Corporation e.g. N.E.P.A, N.T.A, N.I.C.O.N., N.P.A, N.I.T.E.L
– Advantages
– Disadvantages
9. Co-operative Society
– Meaning
– Types of co-operative society
– Sources of capital
– Advantages
– Disadvantages
10. Introduction to book keeping
– Meaning
– Source document e.g. invoice, receipts, cheques, etc.
11. Revision
12. Examination
13. Examination
1. Revision of Last Term’s Work
2. Preparation of day books
– Sales day book
– Return Inward day Book
– Return Outward day Book
3. Limited Liability Companies
– Public Limited Liabilities
– Company/features
– Sources of fund or Capital
– Advantages
– Disadvantages
4. Private Limited Liability Company
– Features
– Source of capital
– Advantages
– Disadvantages
5. Introduction to typewriting
– Meaning
– Essential parts of the typewriter and their uses
6. Guides to Typewriting
– Correct sitting position
– Care of the typewriter
7. Introduction to Shorthand
– Definition
– History of shorthand
– Importance of shorthand
8. Consonants
– Definition of consonants
– Meaning of vowels
– Introduction to the 1st 6 consonants
9. Consonants
                                   Introduction to the 2nd 8 consonants
10. Vowel Introduction to the 1st Place
                                   Vowel Introduction to the 2nd place vowel
                                   Introduction to the 3rd place
11. Revision
12. Examination 
1. Revision of JSS 1 Work
2. Reception Office
– Meaning of reception office
– Description of reception office
– Meaning
– Importance
– Qualities
3. Duties of Receptionist :-
– How to receive and treat visitors
– How to make and receive phone calls
– Appropriate dress code:
4. Right Attitude to Work
                             Punctuality and regularity
– Commitment
– Promptness
– Consistency
Devotion to duty
Effects of devotion to duty
5. Documents handled by a receptionist
– Visitors’ book
– Request form
– Telephone message pad
– Business card etc.
6. 1st unified test (all subjects)
7. Correspondence records
– Meaning
– Uses
– Types
Business letter
Official letter
8. Handling of Mail
                             Procedure for handling incoming and outgoing mail by post or by
                             hand keeping correspondence and records.
9. Office Documents
– Meaning
– Uses
– Types:-
Sales document
– Price lists
– Quotation
– Invoice
Delivery note
Purchase document
– Enquiring to suppliers
– Quotation
– Order
10. Trade
– Meaning
– Importance
– Forms of trade
– Home trade
– Foreign trade
11. 2nd unified test (all subjects)
12. Revision
13. Examination
1. Revision of 1st Term’s Work/The roles of custom and excise in
                             foreign Trade.
2. Aids to Trade:-
– Banking
– Insurance
– Advertising
– Communication
– Transport
– Tourism
– Warehousing
– Commerce
3. Market
– Definition
– Characteristics
– Types
– Capital market
– Money market
– Commodity market
– Institution and instrument of trade in each of the market.
– Career opportunity in the capital market.
4. Buying and selling
– By cash or credit
– Buying
Methods of buying e.g. auction, inspection, grading and description
5. Calculation of turnover and net profit
– Cost of sale
– Markup
– Turnover
– Profit and loss
6. 1st Unified Test (all subjects)
7. Distribution
– Meaning
– Channels of distribution:-
– Producer/Manufacturer
– Wholesaler
– Retailer
– Consumer
8. Functions of each of the channels of distribution
9. Bank services
                             Commercial bank
– Meaning
– Services rendered:-
Loans, savings, overdraft, safekeeping of valuable goods
– Ethical issues in banking
10. Insurance
– Definition
– Services rendered by insurance
– Types of policies
– Vehicle
– Fire
– Burglary
– Marine
– Life insurance etc.
11. 2nd Unified Test (all subjects)
12. Revision
13. Examination
1. Revision of 2nd Term’s Work/ The benefits of Insurance
2. Ledger Entries
– Meaning of a ledger
– Items of the ledger
Date, particulars, folio, amount
– How to record cash received and payments:-
– Discount received
– Discount allowed
– Contra entries
3. Petty Cash Book
– Meaning
– Preparation of petty cash book
– Imprest system:
– Cash flow/imprest
– Refinement
– Reimbursement
4. Cash book
                             Meaning of cash book
– Single column cash book
– Double column cash book
– Single column cash book
– Format and preparation of a single column cash book
5. Double Column Cash Book
– Format and preparation of double column cash book
6. 1st unified test (all subjects)
7. Pitman Shorthand
                             Vowel placement – 1st, 2nd and 3rd placement
                             Types of vowel (eeou)
                             Word drills
8. Pitman Shorthand
                             3rd group of consonants- K, G,N, M, NG, L,W,Y
                             Vowels – 1st place vowels – ah, oo, aw
                                             3rd place vowels – e i oo oo
                             Word drills
9. Pitman Shorthand
                             Consonant R and H
                             Forms of R and H i.e. upward R and H
                             Downward R and H
                             Dipthongs and Trphtongs
– Definition
– Outlines and sings
– Word drill and dictation of passages
– Speed development and accuracy skills
10. Techniques Development in Keyboarding
– Tabulation key – description and uses 
– Linespace regulator:- description and uses
– Carriage return lever – description and uses
11. Methods of Paragraphing
– Blocked
– Indented
– Hanging
Demonstration of the use of the different methods of paragraphing.
12. 2nd unified test (all subjects)
13. Revision and Examination
1. Revision
2. Preparation and acceptance of bill and invoice
– Procedure for making payment – by means of cash, cheque, bank draft.
– Preparation and issue of receipt.
3. Preparation and Issues of Receipt.
– The role of wages office, preparation of vouchers, payroll, pay advice, pay slip.
– Various methods of calculating wages, stock records, use of requisition and importance of stock taking.
4. Advertisement.
– Definition, meaning, importance
– Role of advertising and various forms of advertising.
5. Transportation.
– Definition, meaning, importance.
– Means of transportation in Nigeria.
– Advantages and disadvantages of transportation.
6. Communication.
– Meaning, importance, definitions, types.
– Post office as a means of communication.
– Postal and telegraphic services.
(a) Ordinary letter posting services.
(b) Express letters, postage by air.
(c) Parcels – registration of letters
(d) Telephone services – international, trunk, local calls.
7. Preparation of Petty Cash Book.
– Periodic transfer of petty cash balance to ledger.
– Imprest a/c cash float, balance and restoration of imprest.
8. Double entry book-keeping.
– Definition, meaning of double entry 
– Recording transaction in the ledger and balancing the ledger.
9. The trial balance, definition, ruling, preparation and balancing.
10. Trading a/c
– Definition and explanation on sales, cost of goods sold, gross profit.
– Profit and loss a/c – definition, posting of overhead expenses and discount received.
– Determination of net profit.

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Child Protection Rights By Barrister Taiwo Akinlami

Thanks for coming and you defile the rain. Who said that we do not have compassionate teachers. I salute you teachers.

As I speak I was moved to teachers because you work in a society that has disable your strength. This nation is be great again 
You teachers need to continue to learn and continue to learn because we are now in the digital age. 
You have lost your right to be ignorant because we are in the digital industry. Today if you want to learn how to cook okra you just need to Google it. 
Child Molestation in the digital age. 
It about the value system 

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Happy birthday to you 🎂 Fridaus Alabi… Long life and Prosperity.

——–As you are a year older today ——–🍉 💦 Happy Birthday to you on your birthday. Long life and prosperity. 💏 😍 😊

May God Almighty prosper you and bless you in all areas of your life and prosper you and bless you in all departments of your life.

May this day be filled with wonders, joy and happiness. You will know no sorrow, pains or anguish.

I pray that as you grow, that God Almighty will increase you in knowledge, wisdom and understanding. And most importantly in His deep love of God's abundant mercy and love.

🌸 Happy Birthday 🎂

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1. Set goals for each term. Write them down and let it be concise (3 aggressive targets will suffice)
2. If you ever heard there was one BEST teaching method, I doubt this is true. Although evidence and research have established that some are more effective than others; get all the knowledge and records of teaching techniques that do miracle, but most importantly, be more sensitive to know how to fix a round peg in a round hole (this is the miracle)
 3. You may not have much power to change your school’s curriculum/procedures, but you have the power to make life out of any curriculum you are given- this makes you an exceptional teacher. Once given the curriculum for next term, plan and write out AUTHENTIC experiences you want your children to have from that curriculum; with focus on VALUES, CHARACTER, PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS, PROJECTS & SKILLS….
4. Don’t wait for the school to provide all the resources. You may get your hopes high. Get ready those resources you know your school may NEVER provide. The resources will remain your personal property but let them be available so that you are not handicapped. These are one of the sacrifices of passionate teachers. (Videos, realia, manipulative, craft materials, incentives, stationery, task cards, exit cards, games, puzzles etc.)
 5. Don’t keep quite over any issue that may be destiny-threatening to a child (even if the child is not in your class). Be a school teacher and not just a classroom teacher. The power to change the education system in Nigeria is not really in the hands of the minister for education, it is mostly in the hands of teachers.
6. RELATIONSHIP WITH COLLEAGUES: this quote should be your ultimate principle- “great minds discuss ideas, small minds discuss people”. That’s the deal.
 7. RELATIONSHIP WITH PARENTS: professionalism is the answer to having a fantastic relationship with parents. I could fill volume explaining what professionalism entails. But I have never seen a professional teacher slapped or mocked by a parent in all my years of teaching experience. This does not mean that all parents will love you.
8. LESSON PLANNING- almost every teacher dread this. But once you know the most important components, you are good to go. Give keen attention to these major components; OBJECTIVES (learning outcome), RESOURCES & STRATEGIES, and ASSESSMENT. These are what count most. But also remember that sometimes what a child needs may not be in the lesson plan. This makes teaching a very sensitive job.
9. BE A HAPPY TEACHER NO MATTER WHAT HAPPENS. The trick to having happy children is in you being happy. YES! This is another secret for classroom management.
10. PRAY! 
To a fulfilling school year
©leadhand education

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Recalibration. The Teacher Recalibration. Welcome Speech By Dr Olufemi Orahunsi

Welcome Address

The purpose for this is to facilitate quality education in public places 
To do this we needed to build the capacity of the teachers in order to achieve our goal. 
Teachers in the olden days are referred to almost God in the olden days. 
It is high time that we need to shit and recalibrate. We need to take everybody along the policy makers, the teachers and everybody needs to be carried along. 
Why do teachers use the method of 1989 to teach in 2018… That method is almost obsolete. The government is already doing a lot but we all have to gather and start teaching children of today differently. 
When it comes to digital world thaws kids are smarter that we do. 
We also use phones for a lot of things but do we know how these phones are made. 
In Asia they do reverse engineering. They buy the device and break them down to know how these devices work. 
Success is about identifying the need of the society and profiting from them. 
Music aspire from what they see that is why they want to become model, musicians, and others 
Once again you are all welcome to Lagos State Recalibrate Seminar For Teachers 

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What is your take on the Prolific nature of new schools establishments in Lagos state

Just surprised when I saw this along Philip Onashile Street very close to Mile 12 garage and this was called a secondary school and a lot of questions crept into my mind……… 
1. Is this really a secondary school? 
2. Or maybe a tutorial centre? 
3. Or better still the lame man language as it is commonly called…..LESSON…. 
4.  Is the place enjoying patronage 
5. And from whom? 
6. What about the standard and the level of education given…. 
7. And the owner…. Hmmmm… Men,!? I really salute his courage 

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Facing Teaching Fears

Fear is a deep feeling of apprehension that something may not go the actual way that we might have planned it to be. It is an emotional figgeting that something somewhere might be wrong. 
Fear is also a predominant feeling associated with distress, discomfort, horror, and helplessness.
Fear is an emotional response induced by a perceived threat, which causes a change as well as in behavior
The fear subject has a huge grip and effect on:

1. Our growth
2. Our possibilities
3. Our performance
4. Our Impact
5. Our happiness. 

One true reality teachers and educators must understand is that behind every frustration is a FEAR.
Secondly behind every lack of growth is a FEAR.
Teaching fears can be described as an experience common to most teachers based on personal and work life reality.
It is affected by cultural and historical context.
Every fear is meant to be Faced and not just experienced. 
Everyone experiences fear at some point but not everyone gets to FACE them.
What are the TEACHING FEARS:
Please allow me to share some frequent teaching fears that teachers experience. They are:
This fear is a projected reality from a scarcity mentality. It makes one store up value than express it for the fear of being emptied up or being taken advantaged of.

2.The Fear of Being Right:
Our assumptions on our career path often frightens us.
 This is what makes most teachers fear their possible outcomes because they already have thought through the negative extreme as a possible outcome.
This fear cause teachers to loose interest or take risk because they feel their thoughts of something not going as planned might happen.
3. The Fear of Control:
Control is subjected to money, wealth, structure and recognition. 
However the fear of control speaks about the anxiety that comes due to the concern of not having Control of the class, session, career etc.
4. The Impact- Failure Fear:
The distress and response due to the thought of inability to make impact or cause desired change .
5. The Fear of Making Mistakes : out of our mistakes we à times learn. When we don't make mistakes it really shows that we are not really putting in enough efforts or better still we don't make any attempts. 
6. The Fear of Competition 
7. The fear of significance 
8. The fear of extinction 
9. The fear of Passion/love.
10. The fear of sacrifice
H͟o͟w͟ D͟o͟ W͟e͟ D͟e͟a͟l͟ W͟i͟t͟h͟ T͟e͟a͟c͟h͟i͟n͟g͟ F͟e͟a͟r͟s͟ ͟

The Golden Rule:

1. Fear thrives on ignorance: Let's get the enough education and awareness to combat and deal with our fears. We can starve our ignorance and feed our knowledge base by reading books, asking questions and doing the necessary research 

2. Your fear grows because you feed IT. 

3. Your fear is scared of you.

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